This study compared the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) between meniscectomy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) under arthroscopy and assessed whether ACLR increases the VTE risk compared with meniscectomy.
A retrospective study of prospectively collected clinical data, including data on 436 patients ranging in age from 18 to 60 years who underwent ACLR or meniscectomy surgery, was performed between October 2018 and October 2019 in our hospital. All patients underwent routine VTE screening by venous ultrasonography in postoperative week 2 and then clinical follow-up at 4 and 6 weeks post-surgery. The incidence of VTE was calculated, and clinical factors such as age, sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking, concomitant procedure, Caprini score, and duration of tourniquet use were evaluated in relation to the risk factors for VTE.
A total of 320 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACLR or meniscectomy were available for analysis. Of these patients, 130 (40.6%) underwent ACLR, and 190 (59.4%) underwent meniscectomy. No cases of pulmonary embolism (PE) or femoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) were reported in either group. Fourteen patients (10.8%) developed VTE in the ACLR group compared with 10 (5.3%) in the meniscectomy group, with no significant difference (p = 0.066). Among these patients, 4 (3.1%) patients in the ACL reconstruction group and 2 (1.1%) patients in the meniscectomy group had DVT confirmed by Doppler ultrasound (p > 0.05). ACLR, age, and BMI (OR = 3.129; 1.061; 1.435) tended to increase the risk of VTE, but the results were not statistically significant (p = 0.056, 0.059, 0.054).
The incidence of VTE after ACLR and meniscectomy within 6 weeks post-surgery was 10.8 and 5.3%, respectively. ACLR, age, and BMI had a tendency to increase the risk of VTE.

© 2022. The Author(s).