Chronic kidney disease is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We investigated whether chronic kidney disease has an impact on anticoagulation treatment recommendations after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) related with atrial fibrillation (AF).
We extracted treatment-related data concerning stroke/TIA patients with AF and available estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) from a monocentric prospective German stroke registry. Chronic kidney disease was defined as eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Using uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses, we investigated whether chronic kidney disease was associated with a lower probability to be treated with anticoagulation early after stroke.
A total of 273 patients entered the analysis. In 242 AF patients (88.6%), oral anticoagulation was recommended after stroke. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, chronic kidney disease was not identified as an independent factor for the decision against anticoagulation (OR 1.63, 95% CI: 0.50-5.31, p = 0.421); only increasing age (OR 1.10, 95% CI: 1.00-1.21, p = 0.061) and a modified Rankin Scale >3 at discharge (OR 3.41, 95% CI: 0.88-13.24, p = 0.077) showed a nonsignificant trend for the decision to omit anticoagulation. A total of 155 of 167 patients (92.8%) were still anticoagulated at follow-up. A total of 44 patients with chronic kidney disease completed follow-up, and of those, 37 were still anticoagulated (84%). In patients without chronic kidney disease, 118/167 (70.7%) had continued anticoagulation (p = 0.310).
Our results show that chronic kidney disease was not the main factor in the decision to withhold oral anticoagulation in patients with recent stroke/TIA and AF.

© 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel.