This study investigated the short- and long-term outcomes of 18- and 22-mm-diameter self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) as a bridge to surgery (BTS) in patients with malignant large bowel obstruction (MLBO).
Sixty-nine pathological stage II and III colorectal cancer patients who underwent BTS were included in this multi-institutional retrospective study. Patients were divided into two groups regarding the diameter of SEMS: an 18-mm group (n = 30) and a 22-mm group (n = 39).
There was no significant difference in the clinical success rate, but both of the two re-obstructions observed occurred in the 18-mm group. The 18-mm group showed a trend toward a higher incidence of overall postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grading ≥ II) than the 22-mm group (33.3% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.061). The 3-year disease-free and overall survival showed no significant differences between the 18- and 22-mm groups (78.2% vs. 68.8%, P = 0.753 and 92.8% vs. 82.1%, P = 0.471, respectively).
SEMS of 18 and 22 mm diameter confer statistically equivalent short- and long-term outcomes as a BTS.