To investigate the effects of haemodynamic indices on colour Doppler ultrasound in differential diagnosis in patients with postpartum thyroiditis and with Graves’ disease.
The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Endocrinology Polyclinic of Medical Park Hospital, Ordu, Turkey, from March 2017 to May 2018 and comprised patients referred from the Gynaecology Department for routine check-up after parturition within the first 6 months. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 had postpartum thyroiditis patients and Group 2 had those of Graves’ disease. In both groups, parameters measured were peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity and resistive index of the inferior thyroid artery with proper angle (45-60⁰) on colour Doppler ultrasound. Data was analysed using SPSS 20.
Of the 42 subjects,18(42.85%) were in Group 1 and 24(57.14%) were in Group 2. Peak systolic velocity and end-diastolic velocity values of the inferior thyroid artery were higher in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (p<005). (p<0.05), while the resistive index value was significantly higher in Group 1 compared to Group 2.
Due to its wide availability, the use of colour Doppler ultrasound parameters indicating parenchymal perfusion were found to be broadly useful in distinguishing between postpartum thyroiditis and Graves’ disease.

References

PubMed