Female urethral stricture following radiation has been reported sparsely in the literature with just a handful of case reports. Radiation to the pelvis affects the genitourinary tracts and afflicts damage by causing periurethral fibrosis, necrosis, and subsequent tissue contraction, posing as a hurdle to the reconstructive surgeon. We studied the technique and outcomes of Dorsal Onlay Buccal mucosal graft (BMG) urethroplasty in patients of radiation-induced female urethral stricture disease (FUSD).
Three cases of radiation-induced FUSD were reviewed. The preoperative and postoperative parameters like IPSS, Flow rate (Qmax), Post void residue (PVR), urethroscopy findings, and Videourodynamics study parameters were analyzed. All patients underwent Dorsal onlay buccal mucosal graft (BMG) urethroplasty. The salient steps of the operative procedure are demonstrated in this video presentation.
The mean duration after the last radiation cycle was 2.33 years. Preoperatively mean IPSS, Qmax, and PVR were 27.33±1.15, 6.46±0.6mL/s, and 56.67±16.07mL, respectively. After dorsal onlay BMG urethroplasty the mean IPSS, Qmax, and PVR were 3.33±1.5, 23.33±6.1mL/s, 15.67±8.14mL, respectively. None of the patients reported bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and stricture recurrence in the 12-month follow-up. However, one patient had transient stress incontinence, which was managed conservatively.
Dorsal onlay BMG urethroplasty achieves excellent outcomes in patients with post-radiation FUSD. Adequate dorsal urethrotomy should be contemplated in previously irradiated strictures.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.