Among allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms, nasal obstruction particularly affects the quality of life. Antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids are the most frequently prescribed symptomatic drugs, but their efficacy is often incomplete. Essential oils (EO) have shown an anti-inflammatory effect and potential in treating patients with AR. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a hypertonic EO-based nasal spray on perennial AR (PAR) symptoms.
This prospective, open-label, non-randomized, multicentric trial included 43 patients with PAR sensitized to mites, not controlled for more than a year. All were treated with Puressentiel® Respiratory-Decongestant Nasal Spray for 30 days. Their usual treatment remained unchanged during the study period. Before and after treatment, each participant filled out a rhinitis questionnaire, the Allergic Rhinitis Control Test (ARCT). A nasal inspiratory peak flow (NIPF) was performed.
The mean ARCT was 16.4 and 20.5 at D0 and D30, respectively (p < 0.001); the mean increase between D0 and D30 was 4.1 (p < 0.001). The proportion of patients with controlled rhinitis after 30 days of treatment was 69.8 versus 14% before treatment (p < 0.001). The mean NIPF was 86.5 L/min and 105.1 L/min at D0 and D30, respectively (p < 0.001); the mean increase between D0 and D30 was 18.5 L/min.
A hypertonic EO-based nasal spray could be a new and natural option in the management of PAR. It could also be used as an add-on therapy when nasal symptoms are not fully controlled.
© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.