Nearly half of the heart failure (HF) patients have been classified as HF with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) and the prevalence has been increasing over time. The subject of this study is to assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of Baduanjin exercise (BDJE), as a kind of traditional Chinese exercises, for HFpEF patients.
A systematic literature search for articles up to September 2020 will be performed in following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP) Database, Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System (SinoMed) and Wanfang Database. Inclusion criteria are randomized controlled trials of BDJE applied on HFpEF patients. The primary outcome measures will be exercise capacity (cardiopulmonary exercise test or 6-minute walking test) and quality of life. The secondary outcomes will be as the following: blood pressure, heart rate, echocardiography, endothelial function, arterial stiffness and hypersensitive C-reactive protein and N-Terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. The safety outcome measures will be adverse events, liver and kidney function. RevMan 5.3 software will be used for data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and risk of bias assessment. A funnel plot will be developed to evaluate reporting bias. Stata 12.0 will be used for meta-regression and Egger tests. We will use the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to assess the quality of evidence.
The study will give an explicit evidence to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of BDJE for HFpEF patients.
This systematic review does not require ethics approval and will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal.