To investigate the effectiveness of a home-based therapeutic exercise program on lower back pain and functionality of SCD patients.
A Hematology and Transfusion Medicine Center, University of Campinas (HEMOCENTRO-UNICAMP).
This was a prospective study, with a three-month follow-up of SCD patients with lower back pain. The lumbar spine functionality was evaluated by questionnaires, trunk flexion and extension analyses by fiber-optic-electrogoniometry and measurements of muscle strength of trunk flexor and extensors. The Intervention Group (IG) comprised 18 volunteers, median age 44y (28-58) and the control group (CG) comprised 15 volunteers, median age 42y (19-58), who did not perform exercises. The protocol consisted of daily home-based exercises with two evaluations: at the beginning and end of a three-month program. In order to compare the groups at baseline, the Fisher´s exact test and Mann-Whitney test were used for categorical and numeric variables, respectively. The Wilcoxon test was used for related samples comparing numeric measures of each group over time with a 5% (p < 0.05) significance level.
After the intervention, patients demonstrated a significant improvement, according to the Visual-Analog-Scale (VAS; p = 0.01), Rolland Morris Disability questionnaire (RMDQ; p < 0.01) and trunk flexion and extension muscle strength (p < 0.01). No significant differences were found for the Start-Back-Screening-Tool-Brazil (SBST) and in measures of trunk flexion and extension range-of-motion (RoM).
Results suggest that daily home-based exercises for a three-month period ameliorate pain and improve disability related to lower back pain and muscle strength.

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