Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition characterized by generalized pain. Several studies have been conducted to assess the effects of non-pharmacological conservative therapies in fibromyalgia.
To systematically review the effects of non-pharmacological conservative therapies in fibromyalgia patients.
We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane library, Scopus and PEDro databases for randomized clinical trials related to non-pharmacological conservative therapies in adults with fibromyalgia. The PEDro scale was used for the methodological quality assessment. High-quality trials with a minimum score of 7 out of 10 were included. Outcome measures were pain intensity, pressure pain threshold, physical function, disability, sleep, fatigue and psychological distress.
Forty-six studies met the inclusion criteria. There was strong evidence about the next aspects. Combined exercise, aquatic exercise and other active therapies improved pain intensity, disability and physical function in the short term. Multimodal therapies reduced pain intensity in the short term, as well as disability in the short, medium and long term. Manual therapy, needling therapies and patient education provided benefits in the short term.
Strong evidence showed positive effects of non-pharmacological conservative therapies in the short term in fibromyalgia patients. Multimodal conservative therapies also could provide benefits in the medium and long term.