Omalizumab arose as a therapeutic option in patients suffering from moderate to severe refractory allergic asthma. It acts as a humanized monoclonal antibody neutralizing circulating IgE antibodies. Randomized clinical trials and real life clinical studies have already confirmed benefits, cost-effectiveness and applicability of the medication.
Our study retrospectively reports on the clinical outcomes and airway inflammation in 157 severe allergic asthmatics who were initiated with omalizumab between 2007 and 2019.
After 4 months of therapy, 76% of the patients were judged to have benefited from omalizumab and were admitted to prolonged treatment. During follow-up, we observed an improvement in asthma control, quality of life and spirometric performance. There was also a sustained reduction in exacerbation rate over the years. As for T2 biomarkers, FeNO significantly decreased and, in a subgroup of patients who had repeated sputum inductions, there was also significant reduction in sputum eosinophils but no change in blood eosinophil count. Lastly, we found a correlation between high FeNO levels at baseline and reduction in ACQ scores at 1 year.
We conclude that omalizumab shows effectiveness in severe allergic asthma in a real life setting, by reducing exacerbation rate, improving patient perspective outcomes and airway calibre, together with reducing type-2 airway inflammation.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.