Diseases resulting from Gram-negative bacterial infection can induce an immune response by releasing a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) endotoxin that may lead to impaired fertility in cows. To evaluate the effects of LPS on follicular dynamics in a subacute inflammatory disease state, 14 Angus heifers (BW = 413 kg±14) were blocked by weight and assigned to vehicle (n = 7) or LPS treated (n = 7) groups. Heifers received subcutaneous injections of saline (CON) or 2.0 μg/kg LPS on d 2, 5, and 8 of a select synch plus controlled internal drug release device (CIDR) follicular wave synchronization protocol. Fifty hours following CIDR withdrawal, ovaries were harvested, and follicular fluid was collected for hormone and LPS analysis. Daily blood samples were collected from d 0 to d 7. Beginning on d 8 blood samples were collected at 0, 16, 24, 32, 40, and 50 h following LPS challenge. Rectal temperatures were recorded prior to treatment and at regular intervals after each LPS challenge. Heifers treated with LPS exhibited mild (+0.5 °C) hyperthermia (P 0.10) was detected in abundance of total beta-catenin protein or beta-catenin phosphorylated isoforms at serine 552 or 675. Based on results from this in vivo experiment, these investigators concluded that low doses of LPS can alter E concentrations and this effect may be modulated in part through beta-catenin regulation of aromatase transcription.
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