The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway has been shown to regulate lung inflammation and cytokine release in acute models of inflammation, mainly via α7 nicotinic receptor (α7nAChR). We aimed to evaluate the role of endogenous acetylcholine in chronic allergic airway inflammation in mice and the effects of therapeutic nAChR stimulation in this model. We first evaluated lung inflammation and remodeling on knock-down mice with 65% of vesicular acetylcholine transport (VAChT) gene reduction (KDVAChT) and wild-type(WT) controls that were subcutaneously sensitized and then inhaled with ovalbumin(OVA). We then evaluated the effects of PNU-282987(0.5-to-2mg/kg),(α7nAChR agonist) treatment in BALB/c male mice intraperitoneal sensitized and then inhaled with OVA. Another OVA-sensitized-group was treated with PNU-282987 plus Methyllycaconitine (MLA,1 mg/kg, α7nAChR antagonist) to confirm that the effects observed by PNU were due to α7nAChR. We showed that KDVAChT-OVA mice exhibit exacerbated airway inflammation when compared to WT-OVA mice. In BALB/c, PNU-282987 treatment reduced the number of eosinophils in the blood, BAL fluid, and around airways, and also decreased pulmonary levels of IL-4,IL-13,IL-17, and IgE in the serum of OVA-exposed mice. MLA pre-treatment abolished all the effects of PNU-282987. Additionally, we showed that PNU-282987 inhibited STAT3-phosphorylation and reduced SOCS3 expression in the lung. These data indicate that endogenous cholinergic tone is important to control allergic airway inflammation in a murine model. Moreover, α7nAChR is involved in the control of eosinophilic inflammation and airway remodeling, possibly via inhibition of STAT3/SOCS3 pathways. Together these data suggest that cholinergic anti-inflammatory system mainly α7nAChR should be further considered as a therapeutic target in asthma.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.