BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to further clarify the effects of valsartan on restenosis in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans of the lower extremities. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans of the lower extremities undergoing continuous stent implantation in the superficial femoral artery were enrolled and randomly divided into an ARB group and a control group. Patients in the ARB group received valsartan orally in a single-blind manner and were followed up for 6 months. An evaluation was performed based on the criteria for clinical efficacies designed by the Committee of Vascular Disease, Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine. The total clinical effective rate was calculated, and ankle brachial index (ABI) of the patients was assessed. The concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The in-stent restenosis of patients was examined by angiography. RESULTS One patient in the control group died due to acute cerebral hemorrhage 4 months after enrollment, and 1 patient was lost to follow-up due to acute myocardial infarction during follow-up 5 months after enrollment. Age, sex, Fontaine stage, and underlying diseases were comparable between the 2 groups. Hs-CRP (3.93±1.43) and IL-6 (11.26±2.29) levels were significant different in the ARB group compared with the control group. The postoperative follow-up showed that ABI was 0.98±0.20 in the ARB group and 0.62±0.48 in the control group. CONCLUSIONS Valsartan inhibited the increase in hs-CRP and IL-6 levels, improved clinical efficacies, increased ABI, and decreased the restenosis rate after the interventional therapy in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans of the lower extremities.