Anticoagulation therapy in portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with cirrhosis is still a matter of debate. Therefore, the aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nadroparin calcium-warfarin sequential (NWS) anticoagulation therapy in cirrhotic patients and to find an optimal anticoagulation strategy.
Consecutive cirrhotic patients with PVT who have not received anticoagulation therapy were randomly divided into the NWS therapy group (1-month nadroparin calcium by subcutaneous injection followed by 5-month warfarin by oral administration) and control group (no anticoagulation therapy). Overall recanalization rate of PVT and risks of bleeding were evaluated at the sixth month.
Among 64 patients, complete or partial recanalization of PVT was observed in 20/32 NSW therapy group patients vs 11/32 control group patients (62.5% vs 34.4%, P = 0.024), with no statistically significant difference in bleeding rate. Child-Pugh score (P = 0.023), D-dimer < 2.00 μg/mL (P = 0.020), and NWS anticoagulation therapy (P = 0.004) were predictors associated with the recanalization. NWS anticoagulation therapy (P = 0.008) was an independent predicting factor of recanalization. In the NWS therapy group, the Child-Pugh score (P = 0.007) and albumin level (P = 0.004) were improved in the sixth month.
NWS anticoagulation therapy was effective and safe in PVT patients with cirrhosis and could increase the level of albumin. NWS therapy is safe and easily accepted.