Vonoprazan (VPZ)-based regimen for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is safe and more efficacious than the proton pump inhibitor-based regimen mainly in adults. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a VPZ-based regimen for H. pylori eradication therapy in adolescents.
An H. pylori screening and treatment longitudinal project for third-year junior high school students in Saga Prefecture began in 2016. Students who tested positive for both urine and stool tests received a VPZ-based regimen. On the checklist, students were asked for diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, urticaria, dysgeusia, or bloody stool occurrence during the therapy.
The longitudinal project for H. pylori screening and treatment among third-grade students in Saga Prefecture targeted 41,115 students from 2017 to 2021 and 836 as positive. Of the 645 students, 542 (84.0% in per protocol [PP] analysis and 73.6% in intention-to-treat [ITT] analysis) were successful in primary eradication therapy. The secondary eradication therapy was successful in 79 (96.3% in PP analysis and 76.7% in ITT analysis) of 82 students. In the primary eradication therapy, abdominal pain occurred in 164 (27.9%), diarrhea in 217 (36.9%), nausea or vomiting in 7 (1.2%), and urticaria in 13 (2.2%) students. In the secondary eradication therapy, abdominal pain occurred in 12 (19.4%) and diarrhea in 17 (27.4%) students. The eradication therapy of 5 students was interrupted due to adverse events only by primary eradication therapy.
VPZ-based regimen for H. pylori was efficacious and safe for adolescents, as in adults, for both primary and secondary eradication therapies.

© 2022. Japanese Society of Gastroenterology.