During carotid artery stenting (CAS), hemodynamics may be affected by the carotid sinus reflex in some cases. Although general anesthesia has been reported to stabilize intraoperative hemodynamics, the patient’s neurological condition must be assessed indirectly. Therefore, we investigated the changes in intraoperative hemodynamics and perioperative complications of CAS under general anesthesia and evaluated the efficacy of somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) monitoring in detecting a reduction in perfusion during CAS.
From April 2011 to August 2016,57 consecutive patients who underwent CAS under general anesthesia were evaluated. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 8 years. During CAS, anesthesiologists monitored and managed the hemodynamics. SEP monitoring was performed during the CAS procedure in all patients.
Intraoperative hypotension (systolic blood pressure ≤ 100 mmHg) was evident in 16 patients (28.1%), and 13 patients (22.8%) experienced intraoperative bradycardia; however, all of these cases were promptly managed under general anesthesia. None of the patients showed systolic blood pressure < 50 mmHg from baseline. Regarding perioperative complications, none of the patients exhibited myocardial infarction or postoperative hyperperfusion symptoms, and there was no mortality. Among 21 patients (36.8%) with a decrease in the intraoperative SEP, 3 (5.3%) exhibited transient ischemic symptoms and 1 (1.8%) had postoperative infarction.
CAS under general anesthesia is a safe and effective management option in terms of intraoperative hemodynamic stability. In addition, our findings indicate that SEP monitoring could be helpful in evaluating transient postoperative cerebral ischemia or cerebral infarction after CAS.

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