Balance and ataxic symptoms are commonly encountered in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Many intervention approaches have been proposed to address balance in PwMS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of adding core stability versus task oriented trainings on traditional approaches on balance in ataxic PwMS.
Forty five ataxic relapsing-remitting PwMS from both sexes were randomly assigned into three identical groups. Control group (CG) treated with conventional balance exercise program; study groups I (GI) and II (GII) received respectively additional training using core stability exercises and task oriented trainings. Outcome measures recorded pre and post study period included stability index (SI), anterior posterior stability index (APSI), and mediolateral stability index (MLSI) using Biodex stability system in addition to the Berg balance scale (BBS).
Post treatment, the results indicated significant improvement in (SI) and (APSI) (p0.05) in (MLSI) and BBS in CG. In GI and GII there was a significant improvement in all balance measures (p0.05).
In PwMS balance rehabilitation should be multimodal; core stability exercises and task-oriented training in addition to conventional balance training are effective to improve balance and should be considered as an essential part of the training program for balance rehabilitation in ataxic PwMS. Task-oriented training in addition to conventional balance rehabilitation seem to be a favorable approach.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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