To compare the efficacy and tolerability of combined pregabalin (PGB) and milnacipran (MLN) in female patients with fibromyalgia (FM) versus PGB as a monotherapy.
The present randomized open study included 58 female patients diagnosed with FM (registered on 4/2/19: NCT03905486). Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups (2:2); group 1 included 29 patients who received PGB monotherapy (150 mg twice daily) and group 2 included 29 patients who received combined PGB (150 mg twice daily) and MLN (50 mg twice daily) for 3 months. At the initial visit, patients were subjected to demographic data collection and assessed by the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and the FM impact questionnaire (FIQ). Outcome measures after 3 months: FIQ, VAS and Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire.
The median disease duration was 2 years in group 1 (6 months to 5 years) and 2 years in group 2 (6 months to 12 years). The dropout rate was 20.7% in group 1 (n = 6) and 10.3% in group 2 (n = 3). At the follow-up evaluation, a statistically significant improvement was observed in VAS and FIQ scores in both groups (P < 0.001). Although the percentage of patients demonstrating significant improvement in pain, disease impact and sleep pattern were higher in group 2, this did not reach statistical significance.
Although PGB as a monotherapy and in combination with MLN have both shown adequate efficacy in the treatment of patients with FM, the combined therapy did not demonstrate superiority over the monotherapy.

© 2020 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.