Efficacy of topical bevacizumab 0.05% eye drops in dry eye disease: A double-masked, randomized trial.
The objective of this double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial was to assess the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab 0.05% eye drops in dry eye patients. This study included Dry Eye Workshop Study (DEWS) Grade 3-4 dry eye participants (n = 31) whose tear break-up time (TBUT) was ≤5 seconds(s). Participants were randomized to undergo treatment with either bevacizumab 0.05% eye drops (n = 19) or placebo (n = 12). The primary outcome was TBUT, and the proportion of responders (increase of ≥3s in TBUT at week 12), ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score, Schirmer test, and Oxford scheme grade were secondary outcomes. All outcomes were measured at 1-, 4- and 12 weeks. TBUT in bevacizumab group differed significantly from TBUT in placebo group within 12 weeks (P = 0.001). Moreover, the improvement of TBUT in bevacizumab group versus placebo group at 4- and 12 weeks differed significantly from that difference at baseline (P = 0.002 and P = 0.003, respectively). The proportion of participants achieving increase of 3 seconds or more of TBUT at week 12 in the bevacizumab group was significantly greater than that in the placebo group (P = 0.02). Oxford scheme grade at 1-, 4- and 12 weeks differed significantly from the values at baseline in bevacizumab group (P = 0.001, P = 0.01, and P = 0.03, respectively). OSDI scores at 1-, 4- and 12-week follow-ups were significantly lower than that at baseline in bevacizumab group (P<0.001 at each follow-up). Schirmer test were not significantly different within or between groups (the lowest P = 0.92). No adverse events occurred in this study. Patients treated with bevacizumab 0.05% eye drops showed significant improvement in tear film stability, corneal staining and symptoms.