Penile traction therapy (PTT) and vacuum erection devices (VED) are nonsurgical conservative treatment options that have been used in the treatment of various urologic and sexual disorders such as Peyronie’s Disease (PD) and Erectile Dysfunction (ED). Recently expanded uses for these therapies now include penile lengthening and with surgical interventions such as penile prosthesis surgery (PPS) and radical prostatectomy (RP). These devices can be used as both monotherapy or combination therapy.
To review the indications and clinical studies for PTT and VED.
A literature search was conducted using PubMed to identify relevant studies addressing PTT, VED, and their indications. Searched terms included penile traction therapy, penile traction device, vacuum erection device, Peyronie’s disease, penile prosthesis, radical prostatectomy, subjectively small penis, penile lengthening, erectile dysfunction.
PTT with dynamic traction devices has shown favorable benefits for PD in many studies. The benefits of VED for PD cannot be confirmed due to limited studies with poor quality. In posterior urethroplasty, VED shows promise postoperatively, with additional trials also needed. In PPS, both PTT and VED have had positive findings in pre- and postoperative treatment. In RP patients, VED use has had positive outcomes while new literature shows beneficial effects of dynamic PTT and provides a basis for future studies. VED use does not show great benefit in patients with small penis, however PTT does have some positive findings. In ED, VED has a history of successful use and PTT has promising new data available.
PTT and VED have been utilized in urologic and sexual conditions with various success. Several promising areas utilizing both PTT and VED are being studied, however, more research needs to be done in these areas prior to becoming a standard treatment. Mehr J, Santarelli S, Green TP, et al. Emerging Roles of Penile Traction Therapy and Vacuum Erectile Devices. Sex Med Rev 2021;XX:XXX-XXX.

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