The third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a global health issue that should be addressed in both diagnostics and therapeutics to improve patient survival rate. Today, microarray data analysis is increasingly being used as a novel and effective method for classification of malignancies and making prognostic assessments. Built upon the concept of microarray data analysis and aimed at the identification of CRC-associated genes, our study has adopted an integrative analysis for the gene expression patterns of four microarray datasets in gene expression omnibus (GEO) and microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profiles. We downloaded four gene expression profiles, i.e., GSE37182, GSE25070, GSE10950, and GSE113513, miRNAs gene expression profiles and differentially expressed genes (DEGs). We used R software, the DAVID database, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, the Cytoscape program and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for data analysis. Out of the four gene expression profiles, a total of 43 common DEGs were identified, including 10 hub genes, SLC26A3, CLCA1, GUCA2A, MS4A12, CLCA4, GUCA2B, KRT20, AQP8, MAOA, and ADH1A, and four differentially expressed miRNAs, miR-552, miR-423-5p, miR-502-3p, and miR-490-5p. The highly enriched modes of the signaling pathways among these DEGs were speculated to be involved in various processes including nitrogen metabolism, mineral absorption, pancreatic secretions, and tyrosine metabolism in Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) database. According to our bioinformatics analysis, the DEGs identified in the present study could be considered as significant hallmarks in the molecular mechanisms of CRC development. Our findings may assist scientists with developing novel strategies not only for prediction of CRC, but also for screening and early diagnosis, and treatment of CRC patients.
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