Increased xCT and transsulfuration pathway has been associated with metabolic reprogramming of colorectal cancer. However, the correlation between these 2 events and the underlying molecular mechanism remains obscure. xCT expression was determined in tissue microarrays of colorectal cancer. RNA sequencing and functional assays in vitro was adopted to delineate the involvement of transsulfuration pathway in the proper function of xCT in maintaining the chemoresistant phenotype. The synthetic lethality of blocking xCT and the transsulfuration pathway was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. The up-regulation of the transsulfuration pathway after inhibiting xCT in colon cancer cells was evident and exogenous HS partially reversed the loss of chemoresistance phenotype after inhibiting xCT. Mechanistically, CTH derived HS increased the stability of xCT through persulfidation of OTU domain-containing ubiquitin aldehyde-binding protein 1 at cysteine 91. AOAA and Erastin resulted in synthetic lethality both in vitro and in vivo, which was mediated through increased ferroptosis and apoptosis. Our findings suggest that a reciprocal regulation exists between xCT and the transsulfuration pathway, which is a targetable metabolic vulnerability. Mechanistically, CTH derived HS increased the stability of xCT through persulfidation of OTU domain-containing ubiquitin aldehyde-binding protein 1 at cysteine 91.Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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