To prove the hypothesis that modifying the endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) technique (STING procedure) and sharpening its contraindications, lead to increased success rate and decline in the complication rate. All patients that underwent endoscopic correction of VUR utilizing Vantris were divided into two groups according to procedure date; before 2015 and 2015-2019. Indication for treatment included persistent high-grade VUR or breakthrough infections. Contraindications included voiding dysfunction, active infection and since 2015 suspicion for obstructive/refluxing ureterovesical junction (UVJ) presented by “beak” sign on voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). Follow-up regiment included ultrasound and VCUG at predetermined intervals. The first group included 215 (158 girls and 57 boys) children with mean age of 4.8 ± 2.8 years who underwent endoscopic correction between 2009 and 2015 and the second group included 42 children (28 girls and 14 boys) with mean age of 3.9 ± 2.1 years who underwent surgery between 2015 and 2019. In the first group, VUR was unilateral in 74 patients and bilateral in 132 comprising 338 renal refluxing units. In the second group, VUR was unilateral in 14 patients and bilateral in 30 comprising 74 RRUs. In the first group reflux was corrected in 317 (94.9%) RRUs after a single injection, after the second in 7 (2.1%) RRUs. In seven (2.1%) RRUs, reflux downgraded to Grade I-II. Three RRUs (0.9%) failed endoscopic correction and required ureteral reimplantation. Nine (2.7%) RRUs developed UVJ obstruction. In the second group reflux was corrected in 61 (82.4%) RRUs after a single injection, after the second in 12 (16.2%) RRUs. In one (1.4%) RRU, endoscopic correction failed and required ureteral reimplantation. None of the patients developed UVJ obstruction. Reflux correction has led to the significant decrease of febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in both groups. Our data indicate that endoscopic injection utilizing Vantris is safe and long durable procedure. Although utilizing the proper technique and contraindication criteria, the rates of post procedural VUJ obstruction is null.
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