A theory-guided non-experimental, descriptive, correlational design was used to evaluate how entry and passage variables were related to nursing home adjustment for individuals with dementia. Older adults with dementia may be unable to speak for themselves, therefore proxy responses of Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) provided the data for completion of the Nursing Home Adjustment Scale. Guided by the Meleis’ Theory of Transitions, entry level factors (i.e. age, previous residence, gender, and choice), and passage variables (i.e. length of stay, extent of dementia, functional abilities, and depression) were entered into a regression equation as predictors of nursing home adjustment. Information about extent of dementia, functional abilities and depression was derived from the Minimum Data Set (MDS) maintained for all residents per Medicare and Medicaid guidelines. Descriptive and inferential statistics were calculated using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 26.0 software. Results indicated an inverse relationship between nursing home adjustment and depression as measured by the PHQ-9. There was no support for relationships among other variables. CNA proxy responses were found to be reliable in that they were significantly correlated with nursing responses on the same measure. This study supports the use of CNA proxy responses as a method to evaluate the experience of individuals with dementia.Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Kristen A Sethares