Eosinophils constitute 1%-5% of peripheral blood leukocytes, less in the presence of acute infections (referred to as eosinopenia). Studies indicate that eosinopenia can be used as a prognostic predictor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation, sepsis, or acute myocardial infarction disease. There are only a few studies about predicting mortality in emergency departments and intensive care units (ICUs). Prognostic studies about patients in ICUs are generally carried out using different scoring systems. We aimed to analyze if the eosinophil count can estimate the prognosis among non-traumatic patients who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation and were hospitalized in ICU thereafter.
The data were evaluated of 865 non-traumatic adult patients (>18 years of age) who were admitted with cardiopulmonary arrest or developed cardiopulmonary arrest during clinical follow-ups. Admission venous blood sample tests, complete blood count, and biochemical laboratory results were recorded. Arterial blood gas results were also evaluated. The mean results of the recorded laboratory results were compared between the surviving and non-surviving patients groups.
There was a significant difference between the two groups in regard to platelet, eosinophil count, pH, PaO, SaO, and HCO (P<0.001 for all). In the multiple linear regression analysis, eosinophil counts were found to be an independent factor (odds ratio=0.03, 95% confidence interval 0.33-0.56, P<0.001) associated with the mortality after cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Because admission eosinophil counts can be measured easily, they are inexpensive biomarkers that can be used for predicting the prognosis among the patients who have return of spontaneous circulation and are treated in ICUs.