We studied 442 renal biopsies. The indications for renal biopsy were represented by the clinical features: nephrotic syndrome, nephritic syndrome, asymptomatic urinary abnormalities, acute kidney injury, and chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology.
During the past 8 years, the annual incidence of renal biopsies was constant, albeit this incidence remained lower than in other countries. Nephrotic syndrome was the most common indication for renal biopsy (47.6%). Primary glomerulonephritis (GN) was the most common diagnosis in each of the three periods, followed by secondary GN. Vascular nephropathy and TIN were constant as a proportion from the overall biopsies in each of the three periods. The membranoproliferative GN (24.4%) and membranous nephropathy (MN) (21.9%) were the most prevalent primary GN, while lupus nephritis (LN) was the most common secondary glomerular disease in young female patients (7.5%). Compared to 1994-2004 period, we observed a significant decrease of incidence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and mesangial proliferative GN, and a significant increases in the frequency of MN.
The results of this study show that the GN distribution model was constant in N-E Romania and became similar to that observed in many countries with high socio-economic status.