The introduction of JAKs inhibitors for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis represents a promising new era in the management of the disease. New compounds under investigation, like upadacitinib, with greater selectivity for JAK1 inhibition have recently been approved for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.
Herein, the authors review the pharmacological data, the therapeutic efficacy, and safety data of upadacitinib before providing the reader with their critical evaluation and future perspectives.
Upadacitinib was able to accomplish all the primary and secondary end points in most of the trials, with a safety profile that is similar to the other JAK inhibitors. It has also demonstrated superiority over a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor and data on new indications is also favorable. Upadacitinib is a promising new drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Adalimumab: ADA; American College of Rheumatology: ACR; Assessment of Spondylarthritis International Society 40: ASAS40; Ankylosis Spondylitis: AS; Area under the Curve: AUC; Biological Disease-modifying arthritis drugs: bDMARDs; Clinical disease activity index: CDAI; C Reactive Protein: CRP; Conventional Synthetic Disease-modifying arthritis drugs: csDMARDs; Deep Venous Thrombosis: DVT; Disease arthritis score: DAS.