Personality traits have been shown to contribute to the development and persistence of fibromyalgia (FM)-related symptoms. The aim of this study was to identify the most prevalent personality factor in Brazilian female FM patients, using the Factorial Personality Battery (FPB) and comparing patients to age-matched healthy controls. This was a cross-sectional study based on 40 FM patients and 40 age-matched controls. The FPB is a Brazilian self-reporting questionnaire based on the Big Five Inventory, containing 126 items and scored on a Likert scale. The study included 80 participants aged on the average 46.6 ± 6.7 years (FM) and 45.6 ± 13.8 years (controls) (p = 0.121). The groups differed significantly with regard to schooling (p = 0.013). Time of disease and time to diagnosis was 11.3 ± 7.3 and 6.6 ± 4.5 years, respectively. Fourteen patients (35%) had hypertension and 52% reported sedentary lifestyle. Many had generalized anxiety disorder (82.5%) and/or major depressive disorder (35%). Three facets of Neuroticism were highly significant: vulnerability (p = 0.008), emotional instability (p < 0.001), and depression (p < 0.001). A significant association was found between Openness and time to diagnosis (p < 0.033). Using multiple linear regression, we identified the independent associations Extraversion x systemic arterial hypertension (OR = - 0.65, p = – 0.013) and Openness x sedentary lifestyle (OR =  – 0.48, p = 031). Neuroticism was the predominant factor, while Openness was found to be negatively correlated with time to diagnosis, suggesting personality assessments can help identify FM patterns used to tailor treatment and enhance compliance.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.