In the early stages, osteoporosis is relatively a silent disease characterised by low bone density with microarchitectural deterioration of the bone tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between age, body mass index, oral signs, and osteoporosis among postmenopausal women.
The study included postmenopausal women who were divided into two groups of subjects. The osteoporotic group comprised 30 patients with osteoporosis who were diagnosed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the non-osteoporotic group (control group) comprised 30 subjects with no evidence of osteoporosis. Panoramic radiography was performed, followed by the acquisition of two direct digital intraoral periapical radiographs from the mandibular premolar-molar region.
Chi-square test revealed a statistically significant difference (p = 0.001) in the mandibular cortical shape index between the two groups. However, a statistically non-significant difference in cortical width, the panoramic mandibular index, mandibular alveolar bone resorption degree, fractal dimension, and mean number of teeth was found between the two groups. A statistically significant difference was observed in the mean age between the osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic groups.
The mandibular cortical index findings (MCI) on panoramic radiograph are effective indicators of osseous changes in postmenopausal osteoporosis, thereby determining early prediction of osteoporotic fracture risk and reducing its related morbidity.