Endurance training improves aerobic fitness and cardiac function in individuals with heart failure. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well characterized. Exercise training could therefore act as a tool to discover novel targets for heart failure treatment. We aimed to associate changes in Ca handling and electrophysiology with micro-RNA (miRNA) profile in exercise trained heart failure rats to establish which miRNAs induce heart failure-like effects in Ca handling and electrophysiology.
Post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart failure was induced in Sprague Dawley rats. Rats with MI were randomized to sedentary control (sed), moderate (mod)- or high-intensity (high) endurance training for 8 weeks. Exercise training improved cardiac function, Ca handling and electrophysiology including reduced susceptibility to arrhythmia in an exercise intensity-dependent manner where high intensity gave a larger effect. Fifty-five miRNAs were significantly regulated (up or down) in MI-sed, of which 18 and 3 were changed towards Sham-sed in MI-high and MI-mod, respectively. Thereafter we experimentally altered expression of these “exercise-miRNAs” individually in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hIPSC-CM) in the same direction as they were changed in MI. Of the “exercise-miRNAs”, miR-214-3p prolonged AP duration, whereas miR-140 and miR-208a shortened AP duration. miR-497-5p prolonged Ca release whereas miR-214-3p and miR-31a-5p prolonged Ca decay.
Using exercise training as a tool, we discovered that miR-214-3p, miR-497-5p, miR-31a-5p contribute to heart-failure like behaviour in Ca handling and electrophysiology and could be potential treatment targets.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.