To evaluate the clinical significance and genomic associations of concurrent serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) with high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) of the ovary in women undergoing primary debulking surgery (PDS).
All patients who underwent PDS for HGSC between 01/2015 and 12/2018 were captured in a prospectively maintained institutional database. Patients were categorized based on the presence or absence of concurrent STIC noted on final pathology. Demographic, perioperative, and outcomes data were collected, and groups were compared using standard statistical tests. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. For comparison of differences in somatic alterations between the two cohorts, specimens were sequenced using MSK-IMPACT.
Of 306 eligible patients, 87 (28%) had a concurrent STIC lesion (+STIC) and 219 (72%) did not (no-STIC). Demographics and clinicopathological factors were similar between the two cohorts, except for a significantly higher median preoperative CA-125 level in the no-STIC group (423 U/mL vs. 321 U/mL; p=0.029). There were no significant differences in median PFS (22.7 months [95%CI: 18.9-28.4] vs. 27.7 months [95%CI: 25.5-30.5]; p=0.126) and 3- year OS rate (81% [95%CI: 70-88%] vs. 85% [95%CI: 78-90%]; p=0.392) between +STIC and no-STIC patients, respectively. Targeted DNA-sequencing via MSK-IMPACT showed a similar distribution of driver mutations or structural genetic alterations, and affected genetic signaling pathways were similar between the cohorts.
There were no identifiable clinical and genetic differences in patients with HGSC and concurrent STIC. These data suggest a comparable, if not identical, disease process.
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