Among pancreatic intraductal papillary neoplasms, gastric, intestinal, and pancreatobiliary intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm (IOPN), and intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) have been defined, differing regarding association with invasive carcinoma and prognosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) can help in the distinction of these neoplasms, but a proportion is unclassifiable using recommended markers. Hence, additional markers useful for the typing of pancreatic intraductal papillary neoplasms are needed. The reported frequencies of the different types of IPMNs in surgical series vary to some extent, and such data based on Danish patients are currently lacking. Besides, the role of mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency in these neoplasms has not been fully elucidated. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of different types of pancreatic intraductal papillary neoplasms in a Danish cohort. Furthermore, we aimed to examine the utility of CD117, CK17, CK20, MUC4, and villin as markers for their distinction, in addition to the recommended markers MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6 and CDX2, and to evaluate the frequency of MMR deficiency. We typed 40 consecutively resected pancreatic intraductal papillary neoplasms according to the WHO criteria from 2019. IHC for CD117, CDX2, CK17, CK20, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, MUC1 (H23), MUC1 (Ma695), MUC2, MUC4, MUC5AC, MUC6, PMS2, and villin was performed and evaluated using a five-tiered semiquantitative scale. A subset of the tumours was examined with PCR for microsatellite instability (MSI). Most tumours were intestinal (40 %) and gastric (40 %) IPMNs, followed by pancreatobiliary (17 %) IPMNs and IOPN (3 %). All cases were MMR proficient. We found a higher expression of MUC4, CK20 and villin in intestinal compared to gastric IPMNs (p < 0.01, p < 0.001 and p < 0.001). MUC4 was more strongly expressed in intestinal compared to pancreatobiliary IPMNs, while the opposite was found for CK17 (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05). IOPN showed strong CD117 expression (score 4), while all gastric IPMNs were negative and 50 % and 29 % of intestinal and pancreatobiliary IPMNs only showed weak expression (score 1). Our data suggest that CK20, MUC4 and villin may aid in the identification of intestinal IPMNs, while CK17 and CD117 may aid in the identification of pancreatobiliary IPMNs and IOPN, in some cases. However, additional studies evaluating these markers in pancreatic intraductal papillary neoplasms are needed.
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