To examine the infectious features of patients with urinary pubic symphysis fistula (UPF) and their association with osteomyelitis.
We conducted a review of our quality improvement database for 36 patients with UPF undergoing bone resection and extirpative surgery from October 2012 to January 2019. An assessment of bone and urine cultures was carried out along with surgical, radiologic and demographic data. We analyzed descriptive statistics and used Fisher Exact Tests and unpaired Welch t-tests to assess for associations with positive bone cultures.
In our cohort, 33 patients (91.7%) had positive bone cultures with the three most common organisms being candida (22.0%), enterococcus (18.0%) and pseudomonas (10.0%). There was a correlation between positive pre-operative urine culture and positive bone culture (p< 0.01), with 63.0% of those with positive urine cultures growing the same organism on bone culture.
In this series, 91.7% of patients undergoing extirpative surgery for UPF at our institution have positive bone cultures at time of pubic bone debridement. Additionally, we demonstrate a statistically significant correlation between positive urine cultures and positive bone cultures in these patients. This supports the need for a multidisciplinary approach including infectious disease, orthopedic surgery and reconstructive urology in order to address this complex clinical condition.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.