To evaluate the safety and feasibility of focal bipolar radiofrequency ablation in men with localized prostate cancer.
A review of 10 patients treated with a novel bipolar radiofrequency ablation probe integrated in a coil design (Encage; Trod Medical, Bradenton, FL, USA) between 2011 and 2017 in two prospective pilot trials. All men had clinical stage T1c prostate cancer, prostate-specific antigen <10 ng/mL and Gleason score ≤7. Ablation was carried out under general anesthesia, and bipolar probes were inserted transperineally under transrectal ultrasound guidance. Treatment-related adverse events, quality of life and negative biopsy rate were evaluated at 6 months after ablation. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare baseline and post-treatment symptom scores.
The median age was 58 years (range 50-64 years) and the median prostate volume was 49.65 cc (range 21-68 cc). Prostate cancer with a Gleason score of 6 (3 + 3) and 7 (3 + 4) was noted in seven and three patients, respectively. The median number of radiofrequency ablation cycles was 2.5 (range 2-5). All patients were catheter-free and able to void the day of surgery. Within 6 months after ablation, all adverse events were low grade, with the exception of one grade 3 hematuria that required cystoscopy without coagulation. Six months after ablation bowel, urinary and hormonal functions, and overall satisfaction remained stable. Erectile dysfunction occurred in two out of four patients who had normal sexual function before the procedure. Neither urinary incontinence nor urinary infection was noted.
This first report on focal bipolar radiofrequency ablation documents a safe and feasible treatment option for selected patients with localized prostate cancer.

© 2020 The Japanese Urological Association.