There are 3 different types of mid-urethral sling, retropubic, transobturator and single incision performed for women with stress urinary incontinence. Prior studies comparing these three surgeries merely focused on the successful rate or efficacy. But nevertheless, what is more clinically important dwells upon investigating postoperative complications as a safety improvement measure.
A systematic review via PubMed, Ovid, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review and studies were applied based on the contents with clearly identified complications. Selected articles were reviewed in scrutiny by 2 individuals to ascertain whether they fulfilled the inclusion criteria: complications measures were clearly defined; data were extracted on study design, perioperative complications, postoperative lower urinary tract symptoms, postoperative pain, dyspareunia, and other specified late complications.
A total of 55 studies were included in the systemic review. Perioperative complications encompassed bladder perforation, vaginal injury, hemorrhage, hematoma, urinary tract infection. There were postoperative lower urinary tract symptoms including urine retention and de novo urgency. Furthermore, postoperative pain, tape erosion/ extrusion, further stress urinary incontinence surgery, and rarely, deep vein thrombosis and injury of inferior epigastric vessels were also reported.
Complications of mid-urethral sling are higher than previously thought and it is important to follow up on their long-term outcomes; future research should not neglect to address this issue as a means to improve patient safety.

Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.