Sepsis is a complication of an infection which imbalance the normal regulation of several organ systems, including the central nervous system (CNS). Evidence points towards inflammation and oxidative stress as major steps associated with brain dysfunction in sepsis. Thus, we investigated the folic acid (FA) effect as an important antioxidant compound on acute brain dysfunction in rats and long term cognitive impairment and survival. Wistar rats were subjected to sepsis by cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) or sham (control) and treated orally with FA (10 mg/kg after CLP) or vehicle (veh). Animals were divided into sham+veh, sham+FA, CLP+ veh and CLP + FA groups. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex were obtained and assayed for levels of blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability, nitrite/nitrate concentration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) formation and protein carbonyls. Survival was performed during 10 days after surgery and memory was evaluated. FA reduced BBB permeability, MPO activity in hippocampus and pre frontal cortex in 24 h and lipid peroxidation in hippocampus and improves the survival rate after sepsis. Long term cognitive improvement was verified with FA in septic rats compared with CLP + veh. Our data demonstrates that FA reduces the memory impairment in 10 days after sepsis and mortality in part by decreasing BBB permeability and oxidative stress parameters in the brain.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.