Dumping syndrome (DS) is mostly described as a complication of anti-reflux surgery in oesophageal atresia (OA) but we previously reported two cases of DS before any other surgery in infants operated at birth for OA. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of abnormal oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 3 months of age in infants operated at birth with type C œsophageal atresia, to describe symptoms, clinical features and to assess risk factors in infants presenting with abnormal OGTT suggestive of DS.
A prospective case-series study including infants with type C OA without fundoplication, born between 2013 and 2016 in 8 centers was conducted. An OGTT was performed between 2.5 to 3.5 months. Abnormal OGTT was defined as early hyperglycaemia (>1.8 g/L until 30 minutes; >1.7 g/L between 30 minutes and 2 hours; and >1.4 g/L between 2 and 3 hours) and/or late hypoglycaemia (<0.6 g/L after 2 hours).
Eleven of the 38 OGTT (29%) showed abnormalities. None of the patients’ demographics (birth weight, gender, prematurity, associated malformation, use of enteral nutrition) or conditions of the surgery tested, was associated with abnormal OGTT. No clinical sign was specific for it.
DS should be considered in every infant operated at birth for OA presenting with digestive symptoms. No risk factor was predictive for abnormal OGTT. An OGTT to screen for potential DS around 3 months of age should be considered in infants born with EA.
DUMPING NCT02525705.