Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) produced by Th17 cells, contributes to the pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases by stimulating the release of cytokines and chemokines and its regulation. The anti-IL-17A antibody which blocks the function of IL-17A can potentially become an effective therapeutic for the treatment of autoimmune disease. The aim of our study was to generate a potential humanized anti-IL-17A therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) through a comprehensive panel of in vitro and in vivo biological activity studies, as well as physicochemical characterization. HZD37-5, a humanized monoclonal antibody specifically recognizing N78 loci of IL-17A, binds to human and rhesus monkeys, blocks IL-17 induced signal transduction and the release of IL-6, IL-8, CXCL-1 and G-GSF. In an in vivo efficacy mouse model, HZD37-5 significantly inhibited human IL-17A induced-keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC) secretion in a dose-dependent manner. The pharmacokinetics (PK) study result of HZD37-5 in rhesus monkeys indicated that HZD37-5 had favorable PK characteristics with limited distribution (78.0-78.8 ml/kg), slow elimination (5.00-6.45 ml/day/kg), long half-life (9.1-10.7 days) and high bioavailability (103%) following a single IV or SC dose at 1.5 mg/kg. These findings provided a comprehensive preclinical characterization of HZD37-5 and supported that it may be developed as a potential therapeutic for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, including psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, etc.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.