– Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality with a known genetic contribution. We tested the performance of a genetic risk score (GRS) for its ability to predict VTE in three cohorts of patients with cardiometabolic disease. – We included patients from the FOURIER, PEGASUS-TIMI 54, and SAVOR-TIMI 53 trials (history of atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and diabetes, respectively) who consented for genetic testing and were not on baseline anticoagulation. We calculated a VTE GRS based on 297 SNPs with established genome-wide significance. Patients were divided into tertiles of genetic risk. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios for VTE across genetic risk groups. The polygenic risk score was compared to available clinical risk factors (age, obesity, smoking, history of heart failure, diabetes) and common monogenic mutations. – A total of 29,663 patients were included in the analysis with a median follow-up of 2.4 years, of whom 174 had a VTE event. There was a significantly increased gradient of risk across VTE genetic risk tertiles (p-trend <0.0001). After adjustment for clinical risk factors, patients in the intermediate and high genetic risk groups had a 1.88-fold (95% CI 1.23-2.89, p=0.004) and 2.70-fold (95% CI 1.81-4.06, p<0.0001) higher risk of VTE compared to patients with low genetic risk. In a continuous model adjusted for clinical risk factors, each standard deviation increase in the GRS was associated with a 47% (95% CI 29-68) increased risk of VTE (p<0.0001). – In a broad spectrum of patients with cardiometabolic disease, a polygenic risk score is a strong, independent predictor of VTE after accounting for available clinical risk factors, identifying 1/3 of patients who have a risk of VTE comparable to that seen with established monogenic thrombophilia.

References

PubMed