The relationship between insomnia and lung cancer is scanty. The Mendelian randomization approach provides the rationale for evaluating the potential causality between genetically-predicted insomnia and lung cancer risk.
We extracted 148 insomnia-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as instrumental variables (IVs) from published genome-wide association studies (GWASs). Summary data of individual-level genetic information of participants were obtained from the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO) (29,266 cases and 56,450 controls). MR analyses were performed using the inverse-variance-weighted approach, MR pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO) test, weighted median estimator, and MR-Egger regression. Sensitivity analyses were further performed using Egger intercept analysis, leave-one-out analysis, MR-PRESSO global test, and Cochran’s Q test to verify the robustness of our findings.
The results of the MR analysis indicated an increased risk of lung cancer in insomnia patients (OR = 1.1671; 95% CI 1.0754-1.2666, p = 0.0002). The subgroup analyses showed increased risks of lung adenocarcinoma (OR = 1.1878; 95% CI 1.0594-1.3317, p = 0.0032) and squamous cell lung cancer (OR = 1.1595; 95% CI 1.0248-1.3119, p = 0.0188).
Our study indicated that insomnia is a causal risk factor in the development of lung cancer. Due to the lack of evidence on both the epidemiology and the mechanism level, more studies are needed to better elucidate the results of the study.

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