Burkholderia cenocepacia complex is associated with high transmissibility, virulence, and poor prognosis in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, extrapulmonary infections are rare. We investigated the genome of a B. cenocepacia IIIA isolated from a liver abscess in a Brazilian CF patient and compared it to strain J2315.
The whole genome was sequenced and contigs were annotated by Rapid Annotation using Subsystem Technology. The Pathosystems Resource Integration Center was used to map antimicrobial and virulence genes. The Genomic Island (GIs) analysis was performed using two prediction methods and the presence of putative plasmids and Insertion Sequences (ISs) was investigated.
The isolate was confirmed as B. cenocepacia IIIA to ST-28 (ET-12 lineage). A total of 64 genes for antimicrobial resistance and 47 genes related to virulence were identified. Among the Virulence Factors, there was a predominance of factors related to the invasion mechanism, to the flagellar biosynthesis protein, and to the RNA polymerase sigma factor for flagellar operon (cdpA). Two IS families (IS3 and IS5) and only one plasmid were found. On average 56 GIs were predicted by at least one of the methods applied.
Comparative analysis showed resistance mechanisms and virulence factors revealing invasive determinants used by B. cenocepacia IIIA (ET12) in the process of disease spread to other infection sites (extrapulmonary) of highly virulent strains in CF patients.

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