Lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is crucial for secondary stroke prevention in stroke patients with preexisting cardiovascular diseases (CVD) or cerebrovascular diseases (CeVD). However, data on attainment of guideline-recommended LDL-C levels are lacking.
We analyzed data from the Chinese Stroke Center Alliance (CSCA) program for patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) hospitalized between August 2015 and July 2019. Participants were classified into different disease groups according to preexisting CeVD (stroke/TIA) or CVD [coronary heart disease (CHD) or myocardial infarction (MI)].
Of 858,509 patients presenting with an acute stroke/TIA, 251,176 (29.3%) had a preexisting CeVD, 44,158 (5.1%) had preexisting CVD, 33,070 (3.9%) had concomitant preexisting CeVD and CVD, and 530,105 (61.7%) had no documented history of CeVD/CVD. Overall, only 397,596 (46.3%) met the target for LDL-C <2.6 mmol/L, 128,177 (14.9%) for LDL-C <1.8 mmol/L and 55,275 (6.4%) for LDL-C <1.4 mmol/L, and patients with concomitant CeVD and CVD had higher attainment rates than other disease groups (P<0.001). Despite improvements over time in the proportion of patients who attain LDL-C targets (P for trend <0.05), it remains suboptimal. Younger age, women, having a history of hypertension or dyslipidemia, current smoking or drinking, and being admitted to hospitals located in eastern China were associated with lower odds of meeting the LDL-C goals.
Overall attainment of guideline LDL-C targets in a population of stroke/TIA patients is low and indicates the need for better management of dyslipidemia, particularly for high-risk stroke patients with pre-existing CeVD or CVD.

2021 Annals of Translational Medicine. All rights reserved.