Although older diabetes patients with unique characteristics should be cared carefully to improve their health-related quality of life (HRQOL), the association between diabetes and HRQOL remain unclear, especially in Asians. We aimed to compare the HRQOL between older Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their age-gender-matched controls.
Older patients with T2D were recruited from a community hospital in Suzhou located in the east part of China while controls were selected from a community-based health survey of older adults aged 60 years or older. HRQOL of cases and controls was assessed by the EQ-5D-3L. The impact of T2D on HRQOL was investigated using a liner regression model and the relationship between T2D and EQ-5D health problems was evaluated using logistic regression models.
A total of 220 cases and 440 controls were included. The mean age of the participants was 68.8 years and women accounted for 69.1% of the study sample. The EQ-5D-3L index score was lower for older people with T2D (0.886) than their controls (0.955). After multivariable adjustment, the difference in ED-5D-3L index score between older people with and without T2D was 0.072. In logistic regression analyses, T2D was positively associated with reporting of problems in mobility (odds ratio [OR] = 5.00); pain/discomfort (OR = 1.66), and anxiety/depression (OR = 3.2).
T2D has a detrimental effect on HRQOL of older Chinese people.