Hepatitis C virus associated skin manifestations in upper Egypt: Before and after direct acting antiviral treatment.
Egypt displays a high-hepatitis C virus (HCV) burden and almost 20% of the patients develop cutaneous manifestations HCV-related. Direct acting antivirals (DAAs) drastically changed HCV patient’s morbidity and mortality but their impact of the cutaneous manifestations remains elusive. Our aim was to find out the prevalence of different dermatological manifestations accompaning HCV infection in Egyptian patients. Also, to highlight the impact of DAAs on such manifestations and any potential dermatological side effects. A descriptive study was carried out at the Department of Tropical medicine and Gastroenterology in collaboration with the Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Andrology, Assiut University Hospitals. Medical history, full general, dermatological examination and photography were performed for all patients before the start of treatment with the full regimen of DAAs, every month and 3 months after reaching sustained virological response (SVR), and the changes of skin lesions were recognized and rated by two blinded dermatologists. Out of 1000 examined patient, 36.9% had skin manifestation. Itching was the commonenst presented in 190 patients (51.5%). Three months after reaching SVR, skin examination revealed improvement in the majority of patients (23 764.22%). Pruritis had significant clinical improvement in 152(80%) of patients with significant change in the Visual Analog Score (P = .000). Also, patients with both cutaneous vasculitis and eczema experienced improvement in their skin manifestations. Skin manifestations are common in Egyptian patients with HCV infection. Pruritis is the commonest. The use of DAAs in treatment of HCV is associated with significant improvement of skin lesions with very limited cutaneous adverse effects.© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.