Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and major bleeding in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) patients are not well described. We identified 992 PCNSL patients using the California Cancer Registry (2005-2014). The cumulative incidence of VTE and major bleeding was determined using California hospitalization data. The 12-month cumulative incidence of VTE was 13.6% (95% confidence interval (CI) 11.5-15.8%); chemotherapy and radiation therapy were associated with increased risk of VTE (hazard ratio (HR) 2.41, CI 1.31-4.46 and HR 1.56, CI 1.08-2.25, respectively). The 12-month cumulative incidence of major bleeding was 12.4% (CI 10.1-14.6%). Pulmonary embolism (PE) and proximal deep vein thrombosis were associated with increased risk of major bleeding, likely due to anticoagulation. PE (HR 1.61, CI 1.11-2.33, =.011) and major bleeding (HR 2.36, CI 1.82-3.06, <.0001) were associated with increased mortality. This study highlights the high incidence of both VTE and major bleeding and the significant impact on survival for PCNSL patients.
About The Expert
Theresa H M Keegan