The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vitamin B status related to the homocysteine pathway and the prevalence of polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene in infertile women programming homologous or heterologous ART.
We investigated 393 consecutive Caucasian women, referred to the Internal Medicine Clinic at the Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology, in order to be framed for their vascular risk before starting homologous or heterologous (oocyte donation) procedures. Total homocysteine, Vitamin B12, folate and vitamin B6 were measured. The women were divided into quartiles of serum concentration of folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6. The C677T and A1298C polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene were genotyped by an electronic microchip technology.
Sixty-one women (15.5%) had hyperhomocysteinemia, 22.9% had reduced levels of vitamin B12, 4.1% had reduced levels of serum folate and 0.1% had a deficiency of vitamin B6. Women in the highest quartile of vitamin B12 and folates had lower homocysteine ​​levels than women in the first and second quartiles (p < 0.0001). The homozygosity for MTHFR C677T polymorphism was detected in 33.3% (131), and heterozygosity for MTHFR C677T polymorphism in 45.3% (178) of women. We observed a significant association between hyperhomocysteinemia and 677T allele, but not 1298C, of the MTHFR polymorphisms (p = 0.04).
We found inadequate vitamin B status related to the homocysteine ​​pathway in women planning Assisted Reproductive Technology. Moreover, interesting association was found regarding hyperhomocysteinemia in women carrying T allele of the C677T MTHFR polymorphism. A specific supplementation with 5-MTHF and adequate vitamin B12 concentrations before Assisted Reproductive Technology warrant serious consideration, in particular in women carrying T allele of the C677T MTHFR polymorphism.

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