Previous studies have found a negative effect of depression and insomnia on the psychological health domain of quality of life (QOL) among earthquake survivors. However, little is known about the symptom-to-symptom interactions among the above psychological outcomes. This study thus aimed to assess the interplay among the above three variables in survivors 10 years after the Wenchuan earthquake at the symptom level.
A total of 744 survivors completed the questionnaire at 10 years post-earthquake, reporting depressive symptoms, insomnia symptoms, and the psychological health domain of QOL. All network structures were estimated and compared using the network analysis approach in R version 4.1.1.
Among the 744 survivors, 593 individuals did not have significant depressive and insomnia symptoms, while 151 individuals reported depressive and/or insomnia symptoms. “Little energy”, “Suicidal ideation”, and “Spirituality” were the key highest bridge symptoms in the three networks, respectively. Additionally, there were significant differences in network global strength, network structure, and individual edge weights between individuals with and without depression and/or insomnia.
Intervention programs aimed at treating symptoms, such as exercise therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy, and spirituality education, may improve the QOL of survivors following an earthquake.

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