Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a serious health threat worldwide. The outcomes of HBV infection consist of spontaneous HBV clearance and chronic HBV infection. Multiple factors contribute to the disparity of HBV infection outcomes, including host factors, viral factors and environmental factors. The present review comprehends the current researches mainly focusing on the relationships between genetic determinants, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes, and susceptibility of HBV infection, namely chronic (persistent) HBV infection and HBV clearance. A number of determinants in the chromosomes, including mutations in human leukocyte antigens (HLAs), cytokines genes, toll-like receptors (TLRs), and other genes are related to the human susceptibility to HBV infection. Among the above variants, some of those in HLAs have been studied and replicated in multiple-ethnic populations and came to consistent conclusions, while some others are novel and need to be evaluated further.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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