Ovarian cancer (OC) is associated with high mortality rate. However, the correlation between immune microenvironment and prognosis of OC remains unclear. This study aimed to explore prognostic significance of OC tumour microenvironment. The OC data set was selected from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA), and 307 samples were collected. Hierarchical clustering was performed according to the expression of 756 genes. The immune and matrix scores of all immune subtypes were determined, and Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analyse the differences in the immune and matrix scores between OC samples with different immune subtypes. The model for predicting prognosis was constructed based on the expression of immune-related genes. TIDE platform was applied to predict the effect of immunotherapy on patients with OC of different immune subtypes. The 307 OC samples were classified into three immune subtypes A-C. Patients in subtype B had poorer prognosis and lower survival rate. The infiltration of helper T cells and macrophages in microenvironment indicated significant differences between immune subtypes. Enrichment analyses of immune cell molecular pathways showed that JAK-STAT3 pathway changed significantly in subtype B. Furthermore, predictive response to immunotherapy in subtype B was significantly higher than that in subtype A and C. Immune subtyping can be used as an independent predictor of the prognosis of OC patients, which may be related to the infiltration patterns of immune cells in tumour microenvironment. In addition, patients in immune subtype B have superior response to immunotherapy, suggesting that patients in subtype B are suitable for immunotherapy.
© 2021 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.