To investigate the potential molecular mechanism of ovarian cancer (OC) evolution and immunological correlation using the integrated bioinformatics analysis.
Data from the Gene Expression Omnibus was used to gain differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome pathway analysis were completed by utilizing the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery. After multiple validations via The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) projects, the Human Protein Atlas, Kaplan-Meier (KM) plotter, and immune logical relationships of the key gene SOBP were evaluated based on Tumor Immune Estimation Resource, and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) software. Finally, the lncRNAs-miRNAs-mRNAs subnetwork was predicted by starBase, TargetScan, miRBD, and LncBase, individually. Correlation of expression and prognosis for mRNAs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs were confirmed by TCGA, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis 2 (GEPIA 2), starBase, and KM.
A total of 192 shared DEGs were discovered from the four data sets, including 125 upregulated and 67 downregulated genes. Functional enrichment analysis presented that they were mainly enriched in cartilage development, pathway in PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway. Lower expression of SOBP was the independent prognostic factor for inferior prognosis in OC patients. The downregulation of SOBP enhanced the infiltration levels of B cells, CD8+ T cells, Macrophage, Neutrophil, and Dendritic cells. GSEA also disclosed low SOBP showed a significantly associated with the activation of various immune-related pathways. Finally, we first reported that the MEG8/miR-378d/SOBP axis was linked to the development and prognosis of OC through regulating the cytokines pathway.
Our study establishes a novel MEG8/miR-378d/SOBP axis in the development and prognosis of OC, and the triple subnetwork probably affects the progression of the OC by regulating the cytokines pathway.

© 2021 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.